CardioSpecialists Group, Ltd.
About Port Access Mitral Valve Annuloplasty

What Is Port Access Mitral Valve Annuloplasty?

The mitral valve is between the left atrium and the left ventricle. If this valve malfunctions, it can leak or become narrowed. This prevents the blood from being pumped as efficiently as possible, and it can put excessive stress on the heart muscle.

How Is the Procedure Performed?

Small incisions will be made in your thigh and neck. These sites will be used by the surgeon to connect you to a heart lung machine, and to administer the drugs needed to stop your heart during the procedure. Your blood will be given oxygen with the use of the heart-lung machine which will then pump it back into your body. To allow the surgeon to see what he is doing during the procedure, he will make a small incision in your armpit to insert a camera.

The annulus is the circle of collagen around your mitral valve. If this ring is weak or misshapen, it can prevent the valve from operating correctly. The surgeon will either add an artificial ring or use a series of stitches to strengthen the annulus. After this, the valve will be better able to open and close tightly. Mitral valve annuloplasty may be used with other procedures if needed. Your heart will then be restarted and you will be removed from the artificial heart-lung machine.

You will likely need to take medications to avoid blood clots at the repaired valve. You need to tell your current and future health care providers, including dentists, that you have had a mitral valve repair. The repair means that you are at an increased risk for contracting an infection during many medical and dental procedures, but by telling your physician about your condition, special precautions can be made.

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