CardioSpecialists Group, Ltd.
About Coronary Artery Disease

Also called: CAD, Coronary Heart Disease, CHD

What Is Coronary Artery Disease?

The heart, like every other organ in the body, requires oxygen to function. It receives that oxygen from the blood that is delivered to it through the coronary arteries. When these arteries become blocked with plaque deposits, the heart does not operate very well. This is the most common form of heart disease, affecting more than 13.2 million Americans.

What Causes Coronary Artery Disease?

A build up of plaque on the inside of the artery walls can take decades before it causes a blockage or any heart problems, but when it does cause complete artery obstruction, treatment needs to be taken to prevent a heart attack.

What Are the Symptoms?

The most common symptoms of coronary artery disease are chest pain (angina) and unusual fatigue. If you are experiencing these, you should take to your doctor to see if you have coronary artery disease.  Only about 50% of patients have symptoms, but the others do not realize that there is a problem until they have a heart attack. Regular screenings and visits to your doctor can help to catch coronary artery disease early and slow its progression.

How Is Coronary Artery Disease Treated?

Your doctor will recommend several lifestyle changes first to slow the rate of progression of the blockage. These include exercising; reducing stress; eating a low-fat, low-salt diet; controlling other conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes; and learning more about your family's heart health history. If there has been too great of a blockage of the coronary arteries, your doctor might recommend a more aggressive treatment such as: medication, balloon angioplasty (with or without stenting), atherectomy, or coronary bypass surgery.

Directions & Maps
How to Reach Us
Find a Doctor