CardioSpecialists Group, Ltd.
About Your Biventricular Pacemaker

What Is a Biventricular Pacemaker?

A biventricular pacemaker (BVP) is a small device that is placed under the skin of your chest to treat heart failure.  Wires or “leads” from the BVP go to the right and left ventricles (lower chambers) of your heart and stimulate the heart to pump more efficiently. 

This can improve the symptoms of heart failure, such as fatigue, swelling, and shortness of breath, and the BVP can also prolong a patient’s life.  Treatment with a BVP is called “cardiac resynchronization therapy.”


The photo above shows a pacemaker.

How Is the Procedure Performed?

The biventricular pacemaker (BVP) is implanted during a minor surgical procedure, during which you will receive sedatives and local anesthetics.  The physician will make an incision in your upper chest.  The leads (wires) from the BVP will be threaded through a vein in your chest into your heart. 

The physician will use X-ray guidance to position the leads next to your right and left ventricle.  The battery and pulse generator of the BVP will then be secured under the skin in your chest, and the incision will be sutured closed.  The procedure usually takes 2 to 3 hours.

Is It Safe?

Yes; the biventricular pacemaker helps to improve heart function and can prolong a patient’s life.  However, as with any invasive or minimally invasive procedure, there are risks. Your physician will discuss with you the risks attendant to the implantation of the Biventricular Pacemaker.

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